Barbier, E.B. 1995. Assessing the impact of the Uruguay Round agreement on international trade in forest products. Draft report for the forest products division, FAO, Rome. The agreement covers the application of sanitary and plant health measures, i.e. food safety and veterinary and plant health legislation. The agreement recognizes that governments have the right to take health and plant health measures, but that they should only be applied to the extent necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health, and that they should not be subject to arbitrary or unjustified discrimination between members if identical or similar conditions prevail. Part I of the basic agreement defines its scope, including services provided from the territory of one party in the territory of another insured person; services provided in the territory of one party to consumers in another party (for example. B, tourism); services provided by the existence of services provided by entities of one party in the territory of another party (for example. B bank); services provided by nationals of one party in the territory of another party (for example.
B construction projects or consultants). 45 The above-mentioned survey showed that the proportion of children (between 10 and 14 years of age) was higher among women (16%) male workers (8%) and children tend to focus on a small segment (19%) sector37. Two-thirds of child labourers were migrants from rural areas, and about 45% of them were illiterate. Since girls are generally married up to the age of 14 in rural Bangladesh, the incidence is high (98%) Unmarried migrant workers suggest a change in social attitude. The presence of a large proportion of school dropout among child labourers indicates that parents could not afford to send them to school. In most cases, an elderly family member of the child`s worker was found to work in the same factory. Overall, child workers were hired as sewing aids (66%) and processing assistant (15%) which were also the lowest paid jobs in units38 (Choudhuri and Paul-Mazumder op.cit). The agreement recognizes that very different standards of protection and respect for intellectual property rights and the absence of a multilateral framework of principles, rules and disciplines related to international trade in counterfeit goods have created a growing source of tension in international economic relations. Rules and disciplines were needed to deal with these tensions. To this end, the agreement addresses the applicability of the basic principles of GATT and relevant international intellectual property agreements; Granting appropriate intellectual property rights Effective implementation of these rights; Multilateral dispute resolution; And transitional arrangements.
The agreement also provides that, as part of the integration process, all members will take the necessary steps in the textile and clothing sector to comply with GATT rules and disciplines, to improve market access, to ensure the implementation of policies under fair and fair trade conditions, and to avoid discrimination against imports when taking action on general trade policy grounds. 19Concurrently, a group of NGOs22 to represent the interests of northern consumers, has launched a vigorous campaign to ban the importation of products made with child labour. In the context of persistent high unemployment in a number of industrialized countries, a number of highly influential trade unions (originally from the North) have joined the campaign for legislative changes in the countries concerned and the inclusion of a social clause in international trade agreements23.