Conscientious Agreement

On 14 November 2011, the Ministry of Justice announced a draft regulation of conscientious objection in Turkey, which was due to come into force two weeks after the President approved the amendment. [83] This decision to legalize the Turkish government was under pressure from the European Court of Human Rights. The ECHR has set a deadline for the Turkish government until the end of 2011 to legalise conscientious objection. The project was then withdrawn. An early recognition of the conscientious objection was granted in 1575 by William to breastfeeding to the Dutch Mennonites. You could refuse military service in exchange for money. [11] About 16,000 men were registered as objectors of war, with the Quakers, traditionally pacifists, constituting a significant proportion: 4,500 people were released on the condition of abhorring civil “work of national importance” such as agriculture, forestry or social services; And 7,000 people were enlisted in the combat force. However, 6,000 were refused with any exceptions and forced to join the main army regiments; If they refused to obey orders, they were brought to justice and sent to prison. Thus the famous pacifist and religious writer Stephen Henry Hobhouse was summoned in 1916: he and many Quaker activists took the unconditional view, refused both military and alternative service, and forced summonses were adorned in court and imprisoned for disobedience. [85] War objectors made up only a small fraction of military service tribunal cases throughout the duration of military service, estimated at about 2%. [86] The courts were notoriously harsh on war objectors, reflecting widespread public opinion that they were lazy, degenerate, ungrateful “shirkers” who tried to take advantage of the victims of others. [87] The technical terminology of war objectors did not exist in the Korean dictionary until recently.

Indeed, a clear majority of Korean citizens simply associate conscientious objectors with evasive projects and are not aware that conscientious objectors must work in alternative services in other Western countries. Since the creation of the Republic of Korea, thousands of war objectors have had no choice but to be imprisoned as criminals. Each year, about 500 young men, Jehovah`s Witnesses,[64] are arrested for rejecting the project. [65] According to previous bills, war objectors have been divided into two classes. A class was composed of those who opposed the entire military service, whether compassionate or not. This class was obliged to serve in civilian work that contributed to national well-being, such as the Red Cross, but was excluded from military service. The other class was only against military combat. These war objectors were trained in the armed service for non-combat service, for example. B in the medical profession. A notable example of a conscientious objector was the faithful Austrian Roman Catholic Christian Franz Jugerstutter, who was executed on 9 August 1943 for an open refusal to serve in the Nazi Wehrmacht and deliberately accepting the death penalty. Pope Benedict XVI was declared blessed for his faith in 2007 and is considered a symbol of sacrificing resistance.

In September 2007, the government announced a program to allow war objectors to participate in alternative civilian service. [68] The program provides for three years of civilian service, which has no military-related purpose.

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